Reading Passage 1

You should invest about 20 minutes on Questions 1-14, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.

Propaganda- The good, the bad and the ugly

A. Imagine for a moment that you are an impoverished citizen of ancient Egypt, hopefully hoeing the desert and wondering when it will bloom. Suddenly, a cloud of junk appears on the horizon which eventually resolves itself into a rush of mares and chariots dominated by heavily armed soldiers followed, eventually, by a crocodile of wearied slaves lugging building materials.

B. They all be halted outside your residence and you make a strategic withdrawal indoors, from where you watch them through a space in the wall. In an amazingly short-lived lime, the slaves build a 40 -foot high-pitched obelisk which Is then surrounded by it crowd of stonemasons. Then, when the labour, whatever it is, has been completed, the entire companionship withdraws as quickly as it came.

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C. Once the coast is clear, you sneak outside to examine their handiwork. The obelisk is covered with carves of soldiers, examining singularly like those who have just left, engaged in countless victorious battles, devastating the countryside and gruesomely killing people who look outstandingly looks just like you. prominently drawn, surveying sphinx-like the carnage committed in his same, is the Pharaoh. You can’t read, but you get the picture. You, in consort with your disaffected neigh hours, had been entertaining, in a preferably desultory manner, a small uprising. You vary your intellect in what is one of the easiest examples of the superpower of propaganda.

D. Of track, as is often the case with big ideas when they tire in their infancy, the methodology used exerted. In archaic Egypt were far from subtle, But over subsequent centuries, the use of propaganda was conscientiously sharpened. It was not until the First World War that propaganda made the quantum leap from the gentler arts of persuasion to become the tool of compulsion. As Philip Taylor says in War and the Media:” Before 1914, it simply intended the means by which the proponent of a particular doctrine … transmitted his sentiments among his audience … hype is simply a process of persuasion. As a conception, it is neutral and should be devoid of value judgements”.

E. It is unlikely, at least in the West, that propaganda is to be able to be rehabilitated as a neutral theory. The most text is now so loaded with baleful implications that it provokes an immediate and visceral smell of outrage. For the use of propaganda reached its apogee in the machinery of the Third Reich. Hitler and Goebbels between them heightened it to a black art of such fiendish power that it has been permanently discredited among those who witnessed its show. Indeed in 1936 at Nuremberg, Hitler attributed his entire success to the of propaganda. He said: “Propaganda brought us to strength, hype has since enabled us to remain in power, and propaganda will give us the means of suppres all countries of the world “.

F. It is therefore unsurprising that Western governments and politicians are liable to perform the most extreme presentational acrobatics in their efforts to avoid the dreaded “p” term being applied to any of their activities. They have developed affecting lexicons of euphemisms and doublespeak to distance themselves from any adulterate of it, real or imagined. Surely, the media is alive to this hypersensitivity and the “p” word has become a potent weapon in its arsenal. It is employed pejoratively, with intent to discredit and gale, as governments are painfully aware. For propaganda is the spectre that recurs numerous a government-inspired media fest. It is the uninvited guest, the drain chair which serves to prompt the emcees accurately why the meeting has been convened and obliges them to run quality experiments on the fare on offer — is it factually nutritious, is it presented in a balanced and honest highway, is its integrity intact?

G. In this one respect, at least, the negative undertones attached to propaganda actually play-act a positive gathering. They offer a salutary reminder of ail that government information is expected not to be and act as a merciless constrain on any blowout bent to excess. Most importantly, the public is alive to the dangers of propaganda and alert to its manifestations whether overt or covert. They know that propaganda is the serpent lurking In the tree of knowledge; that it is subtle, it beguiles, it beguiles, it obfuscates, it nurses out simple dreams and turns them into nightmare realities, it subverts, it pretends to be other than it is. They know that it is the poisoned outcome of the goblin market , not the plain meat of truth that is the staple diet of information. And they will not tolerate It. They submit instead to the more flagrant blandishments of push, which might be regarded as the wolf of publicity, tamed and turned to domestic use. Safe in the knowledge that the wolf has been securely trussed by the rules and regulations of the Advertising Standards Authority, they knowingly consent to be had,

Questions 1-10

Complete the text below, which is a summary of sections.

Choose a suitable word from the text for each blank.

Write your answers in Boxes 1-10 on your answer sheet.

You may use any command more than once.

Example: propaganda- the good, the bad and the____________.

Answer: ugly.

_____ 1______ that you are a poor__________ 2______ living in ancient Egypt, when a banding of soldiers been incorporated into a_________ 3_____ of slaves carrying building materials appears on the scene. While you are inside your residence, the slaves erect an __________4_____ and the whole company disappears. The__________ 5______ boasts representations like those soldiers who have just left engaged in triumphant debates and, in a pre-eminent arrange, the figure of the sphinx-like______6________. After briefly considering an_________ 7_____, you and the other dwellers reform your____________ 8______ In what is one of the earliest Instances of the dominance of______ 9_______, albeit a not extremely _______ 10 _____ one.

Questions 11 -1 4

Choose the proper notes -AD and write them in Boxes 11 -1 4 on your answer sheet.

11. Harmonizing to Philip Taylor, publicity …

A. is needed to transmit people’s beliefs

B. was a tool of coercion before 1914

C. has always been a neutral force

D. was merely a process of persuading people to do things prior to the opening of 1914

12. Harmonizing to Philip Taylor, hype …

A. is not a neutral concept

B. is importance laden up until 1914

C. is ti neutral concept

D. was a neutral notion up until 1914

13. Politicians in the West …

A. will do anything to avoid exploiting the word propaganda

B. like using the word propaganda in the media

C. do not dread the” p” word

D. are accomplished acrobats

14. The populace …

A. are happy to be deluded by advertisers

B. are fooled by advertisers

C. are not betrayed by advertisers

D. respect the advertisers

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Reading Passage 2

You should expend about 20 minutes on Questions 15 -2 8, which are based on reading passage 2 below.

The following of lore

A. Harmonizing to the great English lexicographer Samuel Johnson, insight is of two categories. We know a theme ourselves or we know where we can find information upon it( Boswell Life vol. 2 p, 383 18 April 1775 ). In the information-driven world we now inhabit, the latter has assumed a much better grade of importance.

B. At the time of the European Renaissance, which covered the 14th, fifteenth and six-teenth centuries, it was considered possible for the improved, well-read man, the so-called Renaissance man, to possess the sum total of human knowledge. Admittedly, the body of knowledge then accessible was restricted, being held firmly in check by several important factors; the scarcity of journals in circulation at that time; certain difficulties of acquiring copies of the texts; the need to copy texts by hand; and the cost of doing so. The illustration of Lupus of Ferrieres’ search for the Arsrhetorica of Fortunatus in the ninth century was reiterated again and again throughout the Latin West until the momentous advent of etching in the middle of the fifteenth century. Printed works participated the end of some of the practical drawbacks placed on the spread of human knowledge. The first change in Information engineering had begun.

C. Renaissance man was rapidly left behind by these new developments; and, henceforth, it would be increasingly difficult for the drilled man to cope with the expansion of knowledge that flowed through Europe via the medium of movable type. In today’s world, the situation could hardly be more different. The most well-read individual, whom we are also able legitimately call information man, or homo sapiens, would certainly be considerably more knowledgeable than Renaissance man, Yet, because of the ever-expanding increase in the sum total of human knowledge over the latter half of the last millennium, and the changes in the world of technology, easy access to information has increased the stature of the educated individual. All that he can hope to be now is an expert in a narrow-minded orbit , not the all-knowing polymath of yesteryear.

D. It Is not surprising to see beings overwhelmed by the unlimited river of Information. There is simply too much of it to adapt, and it is difficult to know what to do with the data once it is received; which brings us back to Johnson’s terms. But we need to add another dimension to his dictum, one which was probably true-blue in his time, but is even more pertinent today: people need to be able to live the learning they acquire and not just know it or know where to find it. Our deficiency in this regard is, perhaps, the most singular failure of the modern intelligence age.

E. Acquisitiveness is a natural human Instinct. Children collect placards of footballers, or whatever is the latest fad, Stamps, coins and journals are targets for children and adult collectors( dike, as their basic inclinations are toy upon and encouraged by market powers. The desire to gather knowledge is nothing new. What is astonishing, nonetheless, Is the way in which parties treat the lore ones It has been mustered. It is as if the collection were an end in Itself; and herein lies the great deception, We have turned the world into a large machine of information, a veritable whirl into which “were all” being Inexorably sucked, People beaver away amassing raw data, labouring under the misapprehension that they are doing something worthwhile when all that is really happening is the movement of information from one region to another, We should barely be surprised that, as this becomes apparent, disenchantment and stress in the workplace arc becoming sadly the all too common consequences.

F. The world-wide Is not really the richer for having the current wealth of acquaintance at its fingertips. It is like standing amongst the wealth of the British Library, the Bibliotheque Nationals in Paris or other huge libraries and not being able to read. So what is to be done? Training in collecting and processing relevant information, followed by learning to assemble, analyse and select or abandon is the obvious answer, But there is such a dearth of people who know what to do that one remains pessimistic.

The pursuit of learning is sadly not all it is cracked up to be.

Questions 15 -2 1

Complete the decisions below.

Use NO MORE THAN FOUR WORDS from the section to complete each blank space.

Write your answers in Boxes 15 -2 1 on your answer sheet.

15. Samuel Johnson was an___________________.

Renaissance man supposedly possessed all__________________. The spread of lore altered with the all important___________________. Match to the writer, today’s info husband knows more than_______________. The standing of the modern acquainted husband has been been reduced by _________________. The polymath of the Renaissance is described as_______________________. In today’s world, beings are weighed down by the endless__________________.

Questions 22 -2 5

Answer the questions below.

Use NO MORE THAN FOUR WORDS from the text for each answer.

Write your answers in Boxes 22 -2 5 on your answer sheet.

22. How does “the authors ” describe people’s inability in the modern world to use the knowledge that they find?

What is the desire to collect things described as? According to the author, what has the world turned into? What are the consequences in the workplace of moving large amounts of raw data around?

Questions 26 -2 8

Do the statements below agree with the information in Reading Passage 1?

In Boxes 26 -2 8, write 😛 TAGEND

YES, if the statement agrees with the information in the passage

NO, if the statement denies the information in the passage

NOT GIVEN, if there is no information about the statement in the passage

Example: The European Renaissance spanned the 14 th, 15 th and 16 th centuries.

Answer: Yes.

26. As the world has a wealth of insight within easy reaching, it is now richer,

Knowledge processing trends will shortly be obligatory for all library works. The columnist believes that the pursuit of knowledge is worthwhile.

Reading Passage 3

You should expend about 20 minutes on Questions 29 -4 0, which are based on Reading Passage 3 below.

A. Between the Inishowen peninsula , north-west of Derry, and the Glens of Antrim, in the assign beyond the Sperrin Mountains, are felt some of Western Europe’s most captivating and alluring landscape. The Roe Valley Park, some 15 miles east of Deny is a prime example. The Park, like so many Celtic neighbourhoods, is drenched in biography and myth. As the Roe percolates down through heather morass in the Sperrin Mountains to the South, it is a river by the time it chips through what was once called the “garden of the mind”- in Celtic ” Gortenanima “.

B. The castling of O’Cahftn formerly abide now and a number of homes which made up the town of Limavady. The city makes its honour from the lore of a hound leaping into the river Roe carrying a content, or perhaps chasing a stag. This is a mystical plaza, where the water vestiges its lane through boulder and woodland; at times, lingering in brooding puddles of twilight cool sea under the shade of summer trees, and, at others, structuring weirs and heads for water mills now long gone.

C. The Roe, like all flows, is witness to autobiography and change. To Mullagh Hill, on the west bank of the River Roe just outside the present-day town of Limavady, St, Columba came in 575 AD for the Convention of Drumccatl, The world is probably unaware that it knows something of Limavady; but the city is, in fact, renowned for Jane Ross’s song Danny Boy, written to a tune once giving full play to a vagrant in the street.

D. Some 30 miles along the coast road from Limavady, one comes upon the lonesome but imposing devastate of Dunluce Castle, which stands on a soft basalt outcrop, in defiance of the tumultuou Atlantic lashing it on all sides. The jagged- saw-toothed breaks sit proudly on their cliff surface commanding the coasts to give and west. The only connection to the mainland is by a restricted connect. Until the kitchen tribunal fell into the sea in 1639 killing several slaves, the palace was fully occupied, In the next hundred years or so, such structures gradually fell into Its present stunning state of disrepair, stripped of its ceilings by hurricane and forecast and looted by a husband of its etched stonework. Ruined and pathetic its facet may be, yet, in the haunting Celtic twilight of the long summertime nights, it is redolent of another age, another dream.

E. A mile or so to the cast of the castle lies Port na Spanish, where the Neapolitan Gaileas, Girona, from the Spanish Armada went down one dark October night in 1588 on its way to Scotland. Of the 1500′ Odd soldiers on board, nine existed. Even further towards the east, is the Giant’s Causeway, a stunning coastline with strangely symmetrical articles of gloom basalt- a beautiful geological two under, person once said of the causeway that it was worth seeing, but not worth going to see, That was in the days of horses and vehicles when crossing was difficult. But it really is well worth a visit. The last-place remain moments of the twilight hours are the best time to savour the full power of the coastline’s magic; the time when the place will enter into its own.

F. The sightseers are moved and if you are very lucky you will be alone, It is not fearing, but there is a power in the place; discernible, yet inexplicable. The feeling is one of eeriness and longing, uni of something missing, something not quite fulfilled; the loss of light and the promise of darkness; a occasion between two worlds, Once experienced, this feeling never leaves you: the yearning specters and gathers at you for the rest of your dates. Beyond the Causeway, connecting the mainland with an outcrop of boulder jutting out of the tumultuou Atlantic is the Carrick-a-Hede Hope Bridge- Not a crossover for the faint-hearted. The Bridge jives above a fissure of scurrying, foaming liquid that seeks to drag the unwary down, and away.

Questions 29 -3 3

Choose one utterance( -AE) from the listing of places to label the planned below,

Write the relevant notes( -Ali) in Boxes 29 -3 3 on your answer sheet,

List of places

A. The Sperrin Mountains

B. Dunluce Castle

C. Inishowen

D. The Glens of Antrim

E. Limavady

Questions 34 -3 7

Do the statements below made in accordance with the Information in Reading Passage 3?

In Boxes 34 -3 7, write

YES, if the statement agrees with the information in the passage

NO, if the statement affirms the information in the passage

NOT GIVEN, if there is no information about the statement in the passage

Example: Inishowen is in the north-west of Ireland. Answer: Yes.

After 1639 the castling of Dunluce was not entirely uninhabited.

35. For the author, Dunluce castle evokes another period of history.

There were more than 1500 humankinds on the Girona when it went down. The writer disagrees with the viewpoint that the Giant’s Causeway is not worth going to

Questions 38 -4 0

Choose the appropriate symbols -AD and write them in Boxes 38 -4 0 on your answer sheet.

38. The scribe was of the opinion that the Giant’s Causeway is …

A. un unsettling place

B. unwinding place

C. a boring place

D. a region that helps one unwind

39. Where was this passage taken from?

A. the report part of a newspaper

B. A hasten region in a newspaper

C. a biography

D. an academic magazine on geography

40. Which of the following would be a good claim for the move?

A.The Roe Valley Park

B. The Giant’s Causeway

C. Going Hast to West

D. A hurry into history

Answers Reading passing 1

1. Imagine

2. Citizen

3. Crocodile

4. Obelisk

5. Obelisk

6. Pharaoh

7. Uprising

8. Mind/ minds

9. Propaganda

10. Subtle

12. D

13. D

14. A

15. B

Reading channel 2

16. English lexicographer

17.( of) human knowledge

18. Advert of printing

19. Renaissance man

20. Easy access to information/ readily accessible datum/ easy information access

21. All-knowing

22. Stream of information

23. The most singular failure

24. A natural human instinct

25. A whirl/ a veritable whirl/ a large info machine

26. Disillusionment and stress

27. No

28. Not given

29. No

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Reading passing 3

30. C

31. E

32. B

33. D

34. A

35. Not Given

36. Yes

37. Yes

38. Yes

39. A

40. B

41. D

Continue with…Practice Test 9

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